EC action plan, regulation on crowdfunding and AML / CFT developments
On 8 March 2018, the European Commission (EC) and the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) both shared noteworthy initiatives regarding FinTech that are likely to impact the future regulatory framework.
Regulatory Newsflash | 13 March 2018
- FinTech action plan
- Proposal for a Regulation on crowdfunding
- FATF FinTech and RegTech initiative
As such, the EC published its FinTech Action Plan for a more competitive and innovative European financial sector, together with an accompanying timeline in annex. Linked to this, the EC also published a proposal for a Regulation on European Crowdfunding Service Providers for Business, supplemented by an annex.
These publications form part of the EC’s efforts to build a Capital Markets Union (CMU) and a true single market for consumer financial services. They draw input from extensive preparatory work, including the Internal Task Force on Financial technology, the CMU Action Plan and mid-term review, and the EC’s public consultation on FinTech.
The FATF on the other hand put forth its FinTech and RegTech initiative, a new section on the website that should function as a platform for the FATF’s anti-money laundering and terrorist financing (AML/CFT) network.
In the following paragraphs, we put these developments into context.
FinTech Action Plan
In the FinTech Action Plan, the EC sets out 23 concrete steps to make the most of rapid advances in technology whilst preserving a high level of investor and consumer protection. These steps focus on fostering innovation within the financial sector through a myriad of new initiatives clustered around three main objectives:
Enabling innovative business models to reach EU scale
The EC envisages achieving this goal by allowing authorised firms to benefit from a European passport and supporting the development of open technological standards. In addition, the EC emphasizes the importance of innovation facilitators and commits to developing a report on good practices for regulatory sandboxes.
Supporting the uptake of technological innovation in the financial sector
By reviewing the suitability and technological neutrality of regulation, the EC aims to facilitate the integration of innovative solutions in the financial sector.
High-profile initiatives include the new EU Blockchain Observatory and Forum, and the EU FinTech Lab
By stimulating the exchange of information between regulators and technology solution providers, the EC hopes to raise the level of regulatory and supervisory knowledge about new technologies.
Enhancing security and integrity of the financial sector
The EC notes that cyber-security remains at the centre of EU policy action, especially for the EU financial sector. The EC acknowledges the need for a coherent cyber resilience-testing framework, inviting the European Supervisory Authorities to provide additional recommendations on the matter.
Proposal for a Regulation on crowdfunding
As crowd and peer-to-peer lending services currently do not fall fully under the existing regulatory framework, these services could not fully benefit from the initiatives listed in the Action Plan. There is, for instance, no regulatory framework to harmonize and introduce a European passport. As part of the FinTech Action Plan, the EC is developing such a framework.
The current proposal grants ESMA the power to authorise and supervise crowdfunding service providers, who in turn would be able to offer their services throughout the EU based on a single set of rules. These rules would also ensure the protection of investors through information disclosures, rules on governance and risk management and a coherent approach to supervision.
FATF FinTech and RegTech initiative
The FATF considers the rapid technological innovation to be one of its main areas of attention in safeguarding the integrity of the financial system. The new FinTech and RegTech initiative is meant to serve as a platform where the FATF’s network can enter into a constructive dialogue with the private sector, as well as share initiatives and developments in the area of AML / CFT regarding innovative technologies. In addition, the webpage contains an overview of the latest positions of the FATF on Fin-and Regtech.
The Action Plan clearly sets out the EUs commitments in the area of Fintech in the near future. Whilst the plan includes few concrete legislative initiatives asides from a proposal for a Regulation on Crowdfunding, it cements Fintech as one of the main areas of regulatory focus in the years to come. For an in-depth look at the FinTech Action Plan, we invite you to consult our blog on the matter.
Likewise, the FATF’s Fintech and RegTech initiative demonstrates the attention regulatory and standard setting bodies allot to innovative technologies in the financial sector. It is also exemplary in its focus on dialogue and careful fostering of innovation, rather than taking normative actions.
These initiatives provide a stepping stone for further (regulatory) action. Although it is difficult at this time to gauge their full impact, they will serve as a guide in understanding future developments.