The youth employment opportunity
Understanding labor market policies across the G20 and beyond
Die International Organization of Employers (IOE) , das Business and Industry Advisory Committee der OECD (BIAC) und Deloitte Global haben zusammen den"Youth employement opportunity" Survey entwickelt, der Initiativen und Politk verständlicher machen soll, um gegen Arbeitslosigkeit anzukämpfen.
Dieser Bericht fasst die Perspektiven der nationalen Arbeitgeberorganisationen zusammen, um ein vergleichendes und globales Bild zu liefern, dessen, was in den einzelnen Ländern umgesetzt wird. Hirbei wird deutlich veranschaulicht, was funktioniert, oder nicht, und warum.
Nebenstehend finden Sie den Survey zum Download.
7 Kernaussagen des Surveys
- Benefits and incentives for hiring youth
A few commonalities were identified. These include the need for a holistic and coherent policy framework that provides a combination of flexible efforts. A framework that, while providing social protection for unemployed youth, still encourages them to take a job or be in education. There was also an overall desire for stronger incentives (economic as well as related to flexibility) for employers to employ youth.
- Job creation policies targeting youth
The more frequently mentioned policies were internships, apprenticeships, entrepreneurial support and statutory minimum wages. Internships and apprenticeships are clearly perceived as the most effective program.
- Policies to Bridge Employment and Education Systems
Bridging the education and employment systems represents a way to address one of the main challenges identified by the respondents: namely, appropriate training, job readiness and skills. None of the policies mentioned stands out as extremely successful, and shows mixed results or with only a slight positive impact.
- Policies Aimed at Minimizing the Skills Gap for Youths
Clearly a lot is being done to address the skills gap. It is being tackled with job related training and on-the-job training policies, as well as policies to promote vocational education and training (VET), work subsidies and work study programs. There are a number of programs specifically targeting youth which have been implemented in recent years.
- Policies Promoting a Dynamic Labor Market
Flexibility is the main policy approach referred to as most constructive for creating a dynamic labor market. It comes in many forms, including flexible time arrangements (part-time/part-year, work-life balance, remote working) and flexible layoff requirements. There are also other policies such as flexible migration laws, promoting/funding entrepreneurship, the use of temporary and fixed term contracts, and various economic incentives.
- Future labor market policies
Several employer organizations mention programs that they expect to see implemented in the coming year. These reflect the diverse nature of the policies that the countries are generally implementing in an effort to improve youth employment.
- Alignment with G20 commitments
The G20’s commitment on employment, calls for coordinated actions between governments, business and other social partners. The survey responses echo this need, in particular in the area of skills development and associated supportive policies. Government efforts to provide and support apprenticeships and traineeships seem to be focused in the right area as they are in the main successful.