CII-Deloitte releases Annual Status of Higher Education of States and UTs in India 2015
The report highlights some of latest policy developments in the higher education sector, such as the introduction of choice-based credit system (CBCS), the government scheme for ranking institutions, the role of state governments in improving student enrolment figures in higher educational institutions, and the role of higher education in the government’s Smart City mission.
- Total enrolment of students in the country around 301.5 lakhs
- Uttar Pradesh has highest enrolment, followed by Tamil Nadu
- M.Phil courses witness great interest from women
- Smart City projects to boost higher education
New Delhi, 2 December 2015: The CII-Deloitte report on “Annual Status of Higher Education of States and UTs in India 2015” (ASHE 2015) was released today at the ‘5th Global University-Industry Congress 2015’. The report highlights some of latest policy developments in higher education sector such as the introduction of choice-based credit system (CBCS), government scheme for ranking institutions, the role of state governments in improving student enrolment figures in higher educational institutions and role of higher education in government’s Smart City mission.
According to the report, of the total enrolment of 301.5 lakhs students (55.1% male and 44.9% female enrolments) in higher education institutes in India, Uttar Pradesh ranks first (46.7 lakhs), followed by Tamil Nadu (32.1 lakhs), Maharashtra (30.8 lakhs), Karnataka (18.6 lakhs) and West Bengal (16.6 lakhs, 5.5%). Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka itself account for more than one-fourth (28.9%) of the total enrolments across India.
The report also points out that the highest share of enrolment (79.2%) is at under-graduate level, followed by post-graduate (11.4%) and Diploma (7.3%), with all other levels forming < 2%. Female enrolment has been highest in M.Phil (56.4%), Certificate (54.5%) and post graduate courses (48.7%). There are a total of 667 universities across the country, with state public universities constituting the highest share (43.8%). The top five states with the highest number of universities include Uttar Pradesh (59, 8.8% of total in India), Tamil Nadu (56, 8.4 %), Rajasthan (47, 7%), Karnataka (45, 6.7%) and Maharashtra (45, 6.7%).
On the role of foreign educational institutions and their possible impact on the higher education landscape, the report has highlighted the need of foreign participation in improving the quality of and access to higher education in the country. The report further emphasizes on the need to simplify the prevailing regulatory framework and creating a conducive environment for sustained growth. “With a rapidly flourishing workforce and the inevitable need for global acceptance, the internationalisation of higher education has become critical to India’s human resource growth. Foreign investment will, therefore, play an instrumental role in strengthening India’s higher education sector, both in terms of quality and access,” says a Deloitte India spokesperson.
The report illustrates the possible scenario of how smart cities are expected to become the avenues for innovation and entrepreneurship in the country – making them the ideal sites for universities and research institutions to develop and flourish. Technology and its role in higher education will continue to evolve and is expected to completely transform the relationship between the government, private sector and other stakeholders.
Given the government’s intent of establishing new institutes of excellence across the country, setting-up of a financing authority, extending additional funds for infrastructural development of institutions of national importance amongst others, an extremely positive outlook for the sector is foreseen.
ASHE 2015 marks the fourth edition of the series and the third consecutive year of Deloitte India’s association with CII and MHRD for authoring this report. While the last issue of the report focused on government’s efforts in making accreditation mandatory and analysing its impact on quality of education; ASHE 2015 has elucidated the need for instituting a new framework for ranking higher educational institutions and understanding its long-term impact on globalising higher education.
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