KIDs for Packaged Retail Investment Products (PRIPs)
The European Parliament has approved the draft rules defining the Key Information Documents (KIDs) for Packaged Retail Investment Products (PRIPs). The KID has to be provided by professionals to small investors beforehand contracting for investment products. It aims to give clear, comparable and complete information on investment products.
The Targeted Products
According to the current texts, the following investment products should be accompanied by a KID when sold to retail investors:
- Products with capital guarantees, and those where, in addition to capital, a proportion of the return is also guaranteed;
- Investment funds, whether closed-ended or open-ended (including UCITS);
- All structured products, whatever their form (e.g. packaged as insurance policies, Funds, securities or banking products). The European Parliament confirmed that insurance products should remain in scope.
- Insurance products whose surrender values are determined indirectly by returns on the insurance companies’ own investments or even the profitability of the insurance company itself as well as derivative instruments. Some of these products may be used as individual retail pension products, i.e. accumulation vehicles for the purposes of retirement planning.
The provisional text adopted on 20 November 2013 by the European Parliament confirmed the scope and the exclusion from the rules of insurance products which do not offer a surrender value.
As the Council has a different opinion on the scope of the investment products concerned by the law, the negotiations on the exact scope of targeted products may however continue.
KIDs drawn up by the product manufacturers
The KID is a stand-alone document to be produced by the product manufacturer and that will need to be published on its website. It must be clearly distinct and separate from any marketing materials. Making the KID available, as per the current proposal, is only compulsory for retail investors.
The product manufacturer shall employ a risk-management process which enables it to monitor and measure at any time the risk profile of the investment product. The current proposal contains multiple measures and criteria on independence in valuation of derivatives, managing global exposure and calculating value-at-risk.
Warning Label for Complex Products
For investment products considered as complex, the following standard text should be included at the top of the first page of the Key Information Document: “This product is considered to be very complex, and may not be appropriate for all retail investors”. The initial proposal foresaw a more rigorous text (“The competent authority considers this product to be too complex to be sold to non-professional investors, and has therefore not assessed its information document for that purpose“) that was now abandoned in favour of the new proposal.
You can find the whole list of investment products which are considered as complex and hence not considered as suitable for retail investors in the full insight PDF.
The council would like to grant five years after the entry into force of the regulation whereas the current proposal submitted by the European Parliament seeks to reduce this period to three years (Article 24).