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COVID-19: What government support is available for businesses?

Resurgence Support Payment (RSP) extension – 10 September 2021

By Robyn Walker
 

The continued elevation of Alert Levels across New Zealand has led to many concerns from businesses about the level of support available to them and whether this is sufficient to allow them to survive the current COVID-19 delta outbreak. In answer to this concern, the Ministers of Finance and Revenue announced an extension of the Resurgence Support Payment (RSP) on 10 September.

While the RSP was originally designed to be a one-off payment for each alert level change event, the length of the current alert level changes has resulted in additional payments being made available. A second RSP will be available for applications from Friday 17 September, and Ministers have agreed there will be another two payments, three weeks apart, so long as the conditions that trigger the RSP apply.

What is the Resurgence Support Payment (RSP)?

The RSP is available when New Zealand, or any region(s) within the country, moves to COVID-19 Alert Level 2 (or higher) for seven days or more.

This payment is available to businesses which have experienced a 30% or greater reduction in revenue as a consequence of the change in alert level (other criteria also need to be satisfied).

To determine whether this revenue loss criterion is met, businesses need to show an actual 30% reduction over a seven-day period following the change in COVID-19 Alert Level, as compared with a typical seven days of revenue in the six weeks immediately before the change in levels. For the second RSP payment, applicants will need to consider whether there has been a 30% revenue loss in a seven-day period commencing on or after 8 September 2021. We would expect that if the third and fourth RSP payments are triggered, businesses would need to assess whether there is still a 30% revenue loss from 29 September 2021 and 20 October 2021 respectively (but these details are still to be confirmed).

The RSP is available to all businesses (including sole traders) that were operating at least one month before the Alert Level change on 17 August. Charities and not-for-profit organisations can also qualify.

Businesses must be able to satisfy Inland Revenue requirements that they are “viable and ongoing”. Full eligibility criteria can be found here.

The value of each RSP payment will depend on the size of the organisation. Individual businesses will receive a payment of $1,500, plus an additional $400 per employee, up to a total of 50 FTEs. This means the maximum payment available will be $21,500 (noting there are specific rules for commonly owned groups, whereby the total payment may exceed this limit). There is also a ‘lesser of’ test, meaning that the amount of the payment is the lesser of the amount calculated using the previously mentioned formula and four times the actual revenue decline.

It is worth noting that the RSP is subject to GST, therefore GST registered businesses will need to return 3/23rds of the payment to Inland Revenue. However, input tax credits can then be claimed when the RSP is spent.

The RSP is administered by Inland Revenue and applications opened on Tuesday 24 August for the first payment. Applications will open on Friday 17 September for the second payment. Unlike the time frames for applying for the wage subsidy (discussed below), applications for all RSP payments will remain open for one month after all of New Zealand returns to Alert Level 1.

Recipients of the RSP have their names listed on a public register. Applicants are required to maintain a full set of documentation supporting their eligibility to make a claim.

The table below summarises the features of the Resurgence Support Payment.

What is the revenue drop required?

 

A business must have suffered a 30% or more reduction in revenue compared with a typical seven-day period in the six weeks before 17 August 2021 (note: commonly owned groups of businesses need to satisfy this revenue loss across the whole group).

Seasonal businesses are able to compare revenue to the same period in 2020.

 

When does the revenue drop need to occur?

 

RSP round one: You can choose any seven-day period within the increased alert level period.

RSP round two: You can choose any seven-day period commencing on or after 8 September 2021.

RSP round three and RSP round four: If these are triggered, they will become available on a three-weekly basis. Precise details are to be confirmed.

 

What type of loss qualifies?

 

Pre-revenue businesses can look at a reduction in capital-raising ability. The Inland Revenue website contains some examples of what “capital raising” is intended to mean, however this is largely external funding for the purposes of becoming “market-ready”.

 

How much is the RSP?

 

Each RSP payment is calculated as $1,500 + $400 per FTE, capped at 50 FTEs (i.e. $21,500). A sole trader would receive $1,900; a business with 10 FTEs would receive $5,500.

The amount of the RSP is also capped at four times the actual revenue decline. Inland Revenue have an RSP Calculator available here.

 

What can it be spent on?

 

The RSP must be used to cover business expenses such as wages and fixed costs (e.g. rent). While the payment is calculated with reference to employees, unlike the wage subsidy it does not have to be spent on employees wages.

 

How does it apply to groups?

 

Commonly owned groups must be down 30% revenue across the whole group to qualify.

Groups can also claim on a per entity basis (i.e. up to $21,500 each) if the whole group meets the 30% revenue decline test and the individual entities also meet the 30% revenue decline test.

 

Are claimant details published?

 

Yes, recipients of the RSP will have their names listed on a public register here.

 

What if the business is new?

 

A business must have been operating for at least one month prior to 17 August 2021.

 

Are there other criteria to be aware of?

 

Yes, other criteria includes:

  • The business must be considered viable and on-going
  • Passive income is excluded from the revenue calculations
  • The business must be physically present in New Zealand
  • Applicants must be aged 18 years or older
  • The business must have a New Zealand Business Number (the application explains how to apply if you don’t have one)

 

What documentation is required?

 

Records need to be prepared and kept available for Inland Revenue on request. We are aware of a number of requests for documentation before the RSP has been approved.

 

Is the RSP subject to tax?

 

The receipt of the RSP is not subject to income tax, but on the flipside, you cannot claim tax deductions for costs funded by the RSP. GST output tax must be returned on payments and input tax credits can be claimed when the RSP is spent.

 

Interaction with other schemes

 

You can receive Leave Support Scheme payments, Short-Term Absence Payments or the Wage Subsidy Scheme payments at the same time as the RSP.

 

Is the Wage Subsidy Scheme (WSS) still available?

The Wage Subsidy Scheme will remain available so long as any part of New Zealand is at Alert Level 3 or higher. The WSS provides fortnightly payments, with the second period currently open for applications until 11:59pm on Thursday 16 September. It is expected that there will be at least a third round of the wage subsidy.

For further details about the WSS please read our other article here.

Businesses receiving the wage subsidy cannot also be receiving Leave Support Scheme payments or Short-Term Absence Payments in respect of the same employees at the same time (these schemes are discussed further below).

What other support is available?

Businesses are able to utilise the Leave Support Scheme when employees who cannot work from home are required to self-isolate due to potential exposure to COVID-19, or they are considered “higher risk” if they contract COVID-19 when there is active community transmission. The Leave Support Scheme provides a fortnightly payment of $1,200 or $718 respectively for a full-time or part-time employee who is isolating.

Since mid-February 2021 the Leave Support Scheme has also been supplemented by the Short-Term Absence Payment (STAP). This payment of $359 per eligible employee is available to support employees who are required to stay at home while they await the results of a COVID-19 test but are unable to work from home. The payment also applies to parents or caregivers who have dependents awaiting a test result, as well as self-employed workers.

Employers can apply for the STAP once in any thirty-day period per eligible worker (unless a health official or medical practitioner advises or requires the worker to re-test during that period). If the employee subsequently tests positive, they will be eligible for the Leave Support Scheme.

Businesses with 50 or fewer employees can be eligible to apply for a Small Business Cashflow Loan. This scheme, administered by Inland Revenue, allows certain businesses to apply for a loan of up to $100,000. The maximum value of the loan available is $10,000 plus $1,800 per full time equivalent employee. Loans are interest free for a period of up to two years (if fully repaid in that time).

If you have any questions in relation to the issues discussed above, please consult your usual Deloitte advisor.

The content of this article is accurate as at 10 September 2021, the time of publication. This article does not constitute professional advice. If you wish to understand the potential implications of current events for your business or organisation, please get in touch. Alternatively, our COVID-19 webpages provide information about our services and provide contacts for relevant experts who can help you navigate this quickly evolving situation.

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