Transfer Pricing in the Middle East
INSIGHT: International Transfer Pricing Cases—Their Application to Middle East, North Africa
Shiv Mahalingham, Deloitte transfer pricing Leader, considers how transfer pricing cases such as Amazon, Glencore and Fiat have influenced the transfer pricing regimes of the Middle East and North Africa.
INSIGHT: Transfer Pricing Regulations in Saudi Arabia and Egypt—A Comparison
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (‘‘KSA’’) has introduced comprehensive transfer pricing bylaws (and guidance on how these should be interpreted). The other territory in the Middle East that has detailed transfer pricing regulations is Egypt. This Insight compares these two transfer pricing regimes in terms of the similarities and departures. This Insight will be helpful for multinational entities operating in the region and also for ministries of finance and tax authorities in the region who are soon to introduce transfer pricing regulations of their own.
Are exclusive distributors subject to new transfer pricing rules in KSA?
Summary document on main impacts and requirements
GAZT has recently released their final TP bylaws. Following this major tax development, Deloitte has created a summary document with our initial set of views.
The ITR Energy Guide
Transfer pricing in the Middle East’s oil and gas sector
A collaborative publication with the International Tax Review’s 2019 Energy Guide
As resource-rich Middle Eastern governments suffer a decline in oil revenues, many governments are reforming transfer pricing (TP) regulations to limit capital flight. Deloitte’s Shiv Mahalingham, Alena Kovalova and Claire Boushell discuss the regional regulatory trends.
INSIGHT: International Taxation—Economic Substance and Economic Significance
There are many areas of statute, guidance and case law that have touched upon the issue of economic substance over the years (albeit not actually answering the question of how much substance is enough) and this article pulls some of these together into a handy summary reference guide for tax administrations and multinational corporations.
Transfer Pricing has landed in the MENA region
The tax regulatory landscape in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is changing with several countries in the region joining the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Inclusive Framework (IF) and committing to adopting the BEPS minimum standards. Moreover, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Tunisia and the UAE are recent signatories of the multilateral instrument (MLI), which demonstrates the clear shift in the Middle East towards aligning tax regimes with international leading practices. Lebanon has also expressed intent to sign the MLI.
INSIGHT: Rolling out Country – by – Country Reporting in the Middle East, Africa
Shiv Mahalingham (Deloitte Transfer Pricing Head) talks about how International taxation is an evolving landscape in the Middle East and North Africa region. In recent years, we have witnessed a conscious movement to align tax regimes with international tax transparency trends and leading practices.
INSIGHT: BEPS Action 5 – Impact on the UAE
BEPS Action 5 focuses on no or low preferential corporate tax rate (preferential regimes) that can be classified as harmful tax practices. In November 2018, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (‘‘OECD’’) issued a press release relating to BEPS Action 5 preferential regime reviews conducted by the Forum on Harmful Tax Practices (‘‘FHTP’’). This article discusses the press release and accompanying guidance (or ‘‘Global Standard Report’’) specifics before concluding on the likely impact on no or only nominal tax jurisdictions (‘‘NOONs’’) such as the United Arab Emirates.
INSIGHT: Foreign Direct Investment Opportunities for Multinational Enterprises in the UAE
The commitment of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to adopting the BEPS minimum standards in 2019 has solidified its position as a major regional hub for investment. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) released a preferential regimes report on July 23, 2019 confirming that the UAE is in line with international tax standards (with one technical point being addressed at present).
INSIGHT: Head to Head—OECD and UN Transfer Pricing Standards
A number of Middle East and North Africa (MENA) tax administrations are at present working on the design and implementation of new transfer pricing regimes. In looking at a new transfer pricing regime, it is important that one takes into account all international standards with respect to transfer pricing.
INSIGHT: Interaction Between Transfer Pricing and Capital Transactions
Transfer pricing regulations are new to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region; however, we are already starting to see complex issues, challenges and opportunities relating to the definition of an arm’s length provision.