2016 was a good year for M&A
M&A trends in 2016
- A flood of deals in the water sector
- Subsidy cuts have not deterred renewable deals
- Little interest in fossil fuelled power-stations
- Energy network transactions
- Looking forward
In spite of market uncertainties, the UK power and utilities (P&U) sector saw the number and value of merger and acquisitions (M&A) deals surge in 2016. The value of deals increased more than five times, while the number of transactions grew by a quarter.
The majority of the growth in deal volumes was driven by the water sector, mainly due to a growing sense that companies and investors have now worked through the detail behind PR14 and therefore feel comfortable in progressing transactions. Notwithstanding cuts in subsidies, renewable deals continue to dominate the UK P&U M&A landscape. Stakes in five UK energy networks also changed hands during the year.
Analysis of M&A deals in the UK Power and Utilities sector
The number of UK P&U M&A deals increased to 50 in 2016 compared to 40 in 2015. The number of deals in wind power generation more than doubled and, combined with solar, made up nearly half of the volume of transactions in 2016. The water sector registered the largest increase in the number of deals, where the number of transactions grew from one to nine.
The value of deals tripled since 2015. The majority of this growth was due to a handful of large transactions, as there were four deals above £500 million compared with none in the prior year. These transactions were spread across a number of sectors, including energy networks, wind and ‘other’ (such as integrated utility Viridian).
A flood of deals in the water sector
The water sector saw the number of deals grow significantly in 2016. Although PR14 brought certainty to the market, it took some time before water utilities worked out what impact it would have on the value of their business. Companies and investors now seem comfortable with life under PR14, and transactions have been spurred by several closed-end infrastructure funds maturing. The number of water sector deals was also boosted by activity around water purification and non-household retail businesses.
Subsidy cuts have not deterred renewable deals
The acquisition of operating assets by listed funds continued to drive M&A activity in solar and wind. Despite subsidy cuts for new assets during the year, the number of operating solar assets changing hands was still high at 11 in 2016, compared with 16 in 2015.
While investment into developing offshore wind assets continues to be strong, the progressive reduction in subsidies means that interest in funding and building new solar and onshore wind assets is expected to wane. At the same time, consolidation of assets in the hands of financial investors is likely to continue.
Little interest in fossil fuelled power-stations
There has been little interest in investing or building coal or gas fired power stations in recent years and this trend continued in 2016. There were two transactions during the year and they related to distributed power generation companies, rather than power station operators.
While a significant number of coal stations have already been phased out under the European Industrial Emissions Directive, remaining coal power generation has also lost its price advantage compared with gas. This is due to the introduction of the carbon price floor in 2013 and market price swings in favour of gas.
Although there is interest in investing in gas powered stations (either through acquisitions or construction), the debate around if and how the country will procure a new wave of gas plants for energy security in the future continues.
Energy network transactions
2016 also saw a return to high value transactions in the energy network sector, after a few years of relatively light activity. National Grid recently announced a deal to sell a 61 per cent stake in its gas distribution business to a consortium led by Macquarie Infrastructure and Real Assets, and SSE sold 16.7 per cent of Scotia Gas Networks to the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority. There were further deals involving Energy Assets Group, ElecLink and International Energy Group.
The UK Government has started the process of privatising the Green Investment Bank, with Macquarie emerging as the preferred bidder. This transaction is expected to complete in the first quarter of 2017. We are also likely to see other divestments of stakes in water companies, further utilities investment into smart metering, combined heat and power capabilities, better customer and home management systems, as well as deals in the independent energy retail sector.
Brexit has not had an obvious negative impact on foreign investor appetite for UK energy assets so far. This may partly be due to only six months having passed since the vote and Article 50 not yet having been triggered, but it also reflects that the declining exchange rate benefits inbound investment, which is prevalent in this sector. The overseas acquisition of the National Grid Gas and SGN assets is an example of this. Nevertheless, Brexit brings a level of uncertainty that may have a longer-term impact on the UK’s economic growth, which in turn could potentially reduce demand for energy or returns on investment into energy assets.
This analysis is based on UK M&A transactions in the generation (thermal), renewables (wind, solar, hydro and biomass), nuclear, water and waste, energy networks and intermediary sectors.
This article was originally published in Utility Week on 13 January 2017.