African consumer products industry rides out uncertainty
According to Deloitte’s inaugural African Powers of Consumer Products report, despite a much-discussed slowdown in the African economic growth story, Africa’s consumer products industry is demonstrating a resilient and positive growth path when viewed in local reporting currencies.
The analysis by Deloitte shows that the Top 50 African listed Consumer Product (CP) companies are concentrated in 15 countries, with South Africa, Egypt, Nigeria and Morocco accounting for 64% of the companies with just above 80% of their total revenues. This concentration reflects the size of their respective economies, their level of development and economic diversification, but also the low degree of capital market development in other African countries.
While the overall African growth story might have ‘stuttered’ recently (mostly due to the commodities decline), the prospects and opportunities for consumer goods companies still reflect a generally positive growth opportunity. For instance, Sub-Saharan Africa’s (SSA) GDP per capita in purchasing power doubled to US$3,831 between 2000 and 2016. While several oil-producing countries have seen faltering investment, East African economies that are less exposed to commodity markets, are growing at rates of 6% per annum or more.
On average, the year-on-year revenues of the Top 50 declined by 7.5% in US$ and grew by 4.7% in local reporting currencies. When measured over a five-year period from 2011 to 2015, the average of the Top 50 Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) in US$ was 3.5% and 12.5% in local currencies.
“Although African economies have seen their currencies depreciate sharply against the US$, making imported goods more expensive, companies which produce goods locally and are able to ramp up facilities have an opportunity to grow their market share,” said Andre Dennis, Deloitte Africa Consumer Products leader.
The report considers the performance of Africa’s Top 50 listed consumer product companies in FY15 (year ending up to and including May 2016), as calculated according to revenue in US dollar terms. It focuses on African domiciled companies which are listed on African stock exchanges, with manufacturing as a core business.
The Top 10 listed consumer producers in Africa by FY15 revenue are:
- Tiger Brands Ltd – South Africa, with revenue of US$2.6 billion
- RCL Foods Ltd – South Africa, with revenue of US$2.1 billion
- Flour Mills of Nigeria – Nigeria, with revenue of US$1.8 billion
- Distell Group Ltd – South Africa, with revenue of US$1.7 billion
- Pioneer Food Group – South Africa, with revenue of US$1.6 billion
- Nigerian Breweries – Nigeria, with revenue of US$1.5 billion
- Tongaat Hulett Ltd – South Africa, with revenue of US$1.3 billion
- AVI Ltd – South Africa, with revenue of US$990 million
- Astral Foods Ltd – South Africa, with revenue of US$940 million
- Illovo Sugar Ltd – South Africa, with revenue of US$876 million
Although South African and Nigerian companies dominate the Top 10 of Africa’s largest listed CP companies on the continent, when their profit margins are reviewed the companies from these countries do not feature in the Top 10. Four of the most profitable (best profit margin) companies are from North Africa, four from East Africa and two West Africa. In FY15 48 of the Top 50 companies recorded positive profit margins, with 16 indicating greater than 10% profit margins. The Top 5 by profit margin in FY15 are:
- Eastern Tobacco Co - Egypt
- Tanzanian Breweries Ltd - Tanzania
- Société Frigorifique et Brasserie De Tunis - Tunisia
- Edita Food Industries S.A.E - Egypt
- Delta Corporation Ltd - Zimbabwe
It is interesting to note the emergence of Northern Africa, with some of the fastest growing CP companies on the continent coming from this region: including five from Egypt, one from Morocco and Tunisia with the remaining three from Southern Africa. The Top 5 by CAGR FY11-15 in local currency are:
- South Cairo & Giza Mills & Bakeries - Egypt
- East Delta Flour Mills - Egypt
- RCL Foods - South Africa
- UNIMER Group - Morocco
- Middle & West Delta Flour Mills - Egypt
“Positive economic prospects linked to accelerating urbanisation, a growing middle class, and Africa’s young population, along with improvements in infrastructure and technological developments, has attracted the expansion interests of a range of African and international multinational companies in the CP sector. We anticipate seeing increased investments in this sector as it continues to grow on the continent,” said Dylan Piatti, Snr Industry Chief of Staff at Deloitte Africa.