Leading practices in infrastructure investment

Identifying and overcoming infrastructure gaps

​Expanding and repairing aging infrastructure demands coordination among all stakeholders—especially federal, state, and local governments. Here's how it can be done.

High spending and an aging infrastructure

Infrastructure assets are costly long-term investments. Many state and local governments that are responsible for delivering them are facing tight budgets and finding it challenging to deliver all the infrastructure they would like to. Bridging this infrastructure gap is a complex interdisciplinary challenge that requires creativity and innovation in the planning, funding, financing, construction, and operations of infrastructure assets.


Leading practices in infrastructure investment

The elephant in the room: Funding

The core challenge to infrastructure investment and development in the US has been—and continues to be—the availability and suitability of funding mechanisms.

The debate on infrastructure procurement generally focuses on developing innovative ways to finance projects. But the more pressing concern is often the need to identify appropriate funding sources that will pay for their creation and maintenance over their useful life. The difference between the two is subtle but important. Frequently, these two terms are used interchangeably, further muddling the discussion.

Delivering infrastructure projects

​Public sponsors today have a variety of choices when it comes to the components of infrastructure planning and delivery:

  • Traditional public sector procurement or innovative procurement approaches utilizing the private sector's capital and efficiencies
  • Financing available in multiple markets, including municipal bonds, project finance loans, dedicated federal credit programs, and private equity investments
  • Modern tools that assist in goal-oriented infrastructure investment analysis and prioritization/optimization processes, increasing confidence that the "right" projects are being built at the right time
  • Ways of communicating with multiple stakeholders (including voters) on the life-cycle costs and benefits of specific programs and projects that can lead to the approval of new projects and even new funding streams
  • Digital innovations in capital project management and oversight, as well as grants management, which increase the efficiency and speed of project delivery
  • Active physical infrastructure asset management that improves life-cycle costs and planning of an infrastructure portfolio

The call to action

All levels of government are taking steps toward the implementation of a revival plan for infrastructure. The successful implementation of a large-scale infrastructure rehabilitation plan in the US will require an increase in coordination among all stakeholders, including federal, state, and local governments and private investors.

The adoption of a “partnership” approach to solving infrastructure problems could help focus efforts on communicating the benefits and costs of each project within the context of an overarching long-term plan. A few proposed steps are listed here and expanded in the sections below. These action items could help governments at all levels of the US optimize their infrastructure investment approaches:

  • Be ready. Identify and prioritize projects and identify the potential for private sector involvement.
  • Adopt a life-cycle view that evaluates projects over their entire useful life.

Specific actions that can be taken to execute on these two imperatives include:

  • Coordinate infrastructure planning to maximize social value
  • Standardize infrastructure investment reviews and approvals to facilitate decision making
  • Identify infrastructure funding mechanisms for each project
  • Formalize infrastructure grants management to improve funding
  • Explore innovative financing and procurement mechanisms to deliver "better, faster, cheaper"
  • Leverage digital technology to improve capital projects delivery
  • Manage infrastructure assets over their life cycle to optimize value
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