Evolving mining’s world of work
Positioning organizations for an increasingly competitive labor market
Facing an increasingly competitive labor market requires mining and metals companies to position themselves as an attractive sector and employer, capable of meeting evolving priorities.
Janine Nel, Partner, Consulting, Deloitte Canada
Marcello Cordova Alvestegui, Director, Consulting, Deloitte Chile
Like many industries, the mining sector has felt the lasting effects of COVID-19 on the labor market. Over past months, waves of employees have quit their jobs in ‘The Great Resignation,’1 seeking opportunities that better meet their needs and expectations. This has put extra pressure on organizations to ramp up recruitment and retention efforts, re-evaluate their employee value proposition and transform ways of working.
Digitization and remote working have fueled a fundamental shift in the way employees think about work. Facing an increasingly competitive labor market requires mining and metals companies to position themselves as an attractive sector and employer, capable of meeting evolving priorities.
Social purpose, reimagining work, and building an inclusive leadership culture provide an opportunity for miners to secure a strategic and sustainable advantage through human capital. But will companies take up the challenge? For several decades, miners have found themselves starved of talent, but COVID-19, among other issues, has intensified this challenge.
Make work matter
Mining companies will not realize their full human capital potential unless they evolve to meet two social norms: adapting to the green energy transition and maturing diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) within the workforce.
The push for decarbonization and renewable-energy sources provides an opportunity for organizations to reinvigorate their purpose and, in doing so, speak to untapped sources of talent. Greater DEI is crucial to breaking down prejudice and discrimination, and unleashing individual and team potential.
Aligning with a low-carbon future and mining’s role in the energy transition will help miners to retain employees with valuable and transferrable skill sets needed for these initiatives, and also to attract new recruits who may not have previously considered a career in mining and metals.
The link between digital transformation in addressing the concerns of climate change and creating a more attractive industry for younger generations is clear. In a 2020 survey from Deloitte Insights, almost 70% of executives who reported that their company had a sustainability strategy in place cited digital technologies as a key enabler.2
Realigning work and technology
In the future of work, human potential is entwined with technology. Rearchitecting work creates sustainable value for organizations by intentionally designing new outcomes focused on optimizing the interconnection of humans and work-related technologies.
Effective rearchitecture requires companies to redefine current outcomes, while looking ahead several years to understand and design for how people could interact with technology and with each other. As they do so, new skills and capabilities will emerge, both at a core technical level (e.g., data interpretation) and at a soft, human level (e.g., collaboration); the development of both skill sets is essential for a sustainable future.
As organizations introduce new technologies, roles are evolving rapidly and new jobs previously unassociated with mining are emerging. It’s important to consider which skills and capabilities are needed and how companies could build these capabilities in-house, or outsource them to external partners, including the community–a unique opportunity to change the DEI profile across the value chain.
Firms are also still adapting to remote working, and some are looking to place flexible work arrangements and workforce wellbeing at the core of their strategies going forward.
Janine NelꟷPartner, Consulting, Deloitte Canada, says, “We’re seeing this with a number of clients. For example, in South America, a major mining company is going through an operating model review. The team is reconsidering the necessity for a physical presence at operations and, potentially, consolidating their regional head office operations.”
A recent Goldman Sachs study estimates that over one trillion hours are lost on inefficient tasks resulting from disconnected workplaces,3 so it’s important that mining companies leverage digital technologies alongside new work models to optimize human efforts.
Building a new leadership culture
As the mining industry settles into a ‘new normal,’ leaders are faced with mounting pressure to avoid falling back into conventional ways of working. Achieving the transition requires them to craft new business models, challenge conventional definitions of productivity, embed a culture of trust, replace hierarchic management with empowered collaboration, and manage the cultural and engagement issues associated with long-term remote working.
Nel explains: “Understandably, culture is currently a hot topic, with leadership being at the core of this shift as we move from a traditional command-and-control environment to a more inclusive and collaborative style of leadership.”
Today, the goal is to hire and integrate diversity of talent and ideas, including people from underrepresented groups, races, those with disabilities, LGBTQIA+ community members, and new generations. Equity is the new key; companies should no longer focus only on hiring and achieving through KPIs. Boosting DEI within the mining sector will make it more attractive to new recruits and also improve retention.
Companies must build the confidence and environment for diverse individuals to develop to their fullest potential and create programs to instill the capabilities needed for the mining operations of tomorrow. More inclusive environments will help to drive out institutionalized harassment and discrimination, incidences of which still plague even the most progressive of firms.
Working collaboratively, and even in partnership with competitors, to promote DEI within the industry will accelerate the uptake of best practices, and consequently improve mining’s appeal to diverse talent relative to other industries.
Sourcing talent for the mining organizations of tomorrow
- Define purpose: Putting social purpose at the heart of corporate messaging and recruitment efforts will help miners resonate with younger generations and diverse talent, many of whom have new skill sets vital to the future of mining.
- Reshape the social impact agenda: Beyond talent, mining and metals organizations must reconsider their social impact agenda to improve corporate brand and stakeholder buy-in. Studies show the impact this can have on consumer choices, where 87% of respondents said they would buy a product based on the company’s stand for a societal issue. This trend is even higher among millennials and Zoomers who also look at corporate social purpose when choosing a workplace, with 64% considering a company’s social and environmental commitments before employment.4
- Consider introducing hybrid or permanent virtual/remote work arrangements: Virtual/remote work has become a hiring and retention appeal and will allow miners to leverage skills in geographies where they previously lacked them. Remote-job postings on LinkedIn increased more than five times between March and December 2021, and 46% of workers are planning to move to a new location in the next year because they can now work remotely.5 According to LinkedIn data, since April 2020, internal-mobility hiring has also increased by almost 20% year-on-year,6 demonstrating the need to adapt virtual/remote work practices for employee value proposition.
- Rethink the skills required: Review the required skills for different roles and consider how recruits could potentially be sourced from other industries. Looking to adjacent industries for talent could provide access to a wider pool of applicants and support culture change and new performance standards within teams.
- Consider technologies, HR and training requirements that can widen talent pool: Including reskilling and training programs that can deliver or support workforce needs and broaden new opportunities. Deloitte’s Human Capital Trends 2020 survey found that, while 74% of organizations surveyed said that reskilling the workforce is important for their success, only 9% said they are ready to address this issue.7
- Reduce labor barriers for underrepresented groups: To foster a more diverse workforce, mining companies must lower barriers for under-represented talent, including women, immigrants, and those with disabilities. Indigenous communities account for a valuable and, in many cases, untapped source of talent, not just for blue-collar positions but for management positions too. By creating partnerships with community organizations and schools, mining companies could access this valuable source of local knowledge.
- Speculate to accumulate: Mining and metals organizations should actively seek to improve quality of life for marginalized groups in remote communities, for example, by reinvigorating the pursuit of reconciliation with indigenous people or providing essential services to remote communities. Financial, physical, and social resources provided for citizens will eventually trickle back to organization in the form of human capital.
As mines shift toward intelligent and remote operations, new roles are emerging. For example, the operations super team lead. This is the first line leader of operational mining super teams, groups of people and intelligent machines working together. The super-team lead serves as the main link between the physical and remote workplace, and can use technology to plan far in advance, conduct streamlined tasks and administration, make strategic decisions, lead, empower, and support the super teams to achieve their work outcomes.
1. Abhinav Chugh, “What is ‘The great resignation’? An expert explains,” World Economic Forum, 29 November 2021 https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/11/what-is-the-great-resignation-and-what-can-we-learn-from-it/, accessed 1 December 2021.
2. “Deloitte Study: Navigating the energy transition from disruption to growth,” Deloitte, published 27 May 2020 https://www2.deloitte.com/us/en/pages/about-deloitte/articles/press-releases/navigating-energy-transition-disruption-growth.html, accessed 22 October 2021.
3. “The future of work,” Goldman Sachs, published July 2020.
4. Cheryl Goodman, “How companies can strategically build purposeful corporate social responsibility programs in five steps,” Forbes Communications Council, published 12 March 2021 https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbescommunicationscouncil/2021/03/12/how-companies-can-strategically-build-purposeful-corporate-social-responsibility-programs-in-five-steps/?sh=7c2743a996ee, accessed 22 October 2021.
5. “The next great disruption is hybrid work – are we ready?” https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/worklab/work-trend-index/hybrid-work Microsoft, published 22 March 2021, accessed 18 October 2021.
6. Gopika Maya Santhosh, “Where internal mobility is most common since COVID-19: Top countries, industries, and jobs,” LinkedIn, published 28 October 2020 https://www.linkedin.com/business/talent/blog/talent-strategy/where-internal-mobility-is-most-common, accessed 18 October 2021.
7. “2020 Deloitte Global Human Capital Trends: The social enterprise at work: Paradox as a path forward,” Deloitte Energy, Resources & Industrials, published 2020 https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/us/Documents/human-capital/us-report-2020-eri-hc-trends.pdf, accessed 22 October 2021.