Implementation of the Multilateral Convention
Status of the Multilateral Convention
The impact of the tax treaty anti-abuse measures under the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) project have had far-reaching consequences. The implications of certain BEPS Actions are still being worked through, particularly in relation to the multilateral instrument (MLI or Convention). The MLI constitutes a major change to international taxation and will enable international tax authorities around the world to challenge transactions and structures on a new basis.
What is the MLI?
The MLI is one of the 15 Actions from the OECD BEPS action plan. It enables quick and consistent implementation of the tax treaty recommendations that follow from the BEPS project, namely hybrid mismatches (Action 2), tax treaty abuse (Action 6), permanent establishments (Action 7) and dispute resolution (Action 14).
The MLI will apply alongside a tax treaty and modify its application by allowing participating jurisdictions to adopt the BEPS recommendations without having to renegotiate each relevant treaty.
Status of the MLI as of 1 October 2019
As of 1 October 2019, 89 jurisdictions have committed to participate in the MLI (the list of signatories can be found on the OECD website). In addition, seven countries have expressed their intention to join the MLI: Algeria, Eswatini (former Swaziland), Kenya, Lebanon, Montenegro, Oman, and Thailand.
Out of the 89 jurisdictions, 35 have ratified the MLI and deposited their instruments of ratification with the OECD. The MLI articles are effective in 2019 for the 15 jurisdictions shown in bold below:
|Iceland||India||Ireland||Isle of Man||Israel
1 Although the MLI is in force in Sweden from 1 January 2019, it still must complete the internal procedures before the MLI will be effective in its entirety.
The MLI will affect more than 1,500 tax treaties, and it is therefore critical for multinational enterprises and private equity funds to analyze and understand how the MLI will impact cross-border dividend, interest, and royalty transactions, and existing business operations. Find out more about the impact and implementation of the MLI by reviewing the status tracker.