Creating a cloud strategy
Cloud is a key element of corporate strategy.
Organisations often struggle to define a cloud
It can come from just one
Level of adoption
Many large organisations now have a “cloud first” strategy, meaning that whenever they need new infrastructure, platforms or applications they look at the cloud first. Cloud first has been the norm for start-ups for a while and they have proved its benefits. Big companies have taken note and are following suit. Public cloud has proven more popular among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) than private cloud because of the wider range of benefits it offers. On the other hand, many large corporations, especially those for whom security is important, such as banks, have tended to prefer private cloud, or a public/private hybrid, because of the additional security, perceived or actual, it provides. This hesitancy on the part of large companies is disappearing. Where they can, they now tend to deploy public rather than
Service model and benefits
Public, private and hybrid clouds offer flexible, scalable “as-a-service” functions – Software-as-a-Service (SaaS), Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) or Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) – without the large start-up costs or technical expertise required for in-house IT architecture and code maintenance. Cloud as an enabler for businesses is radically different from traditional IT outsourcing. Long-established IT outsourced service providers (OSPs) have recognised this, adding cloud to their service range to become cloud service providers in competition with the biggest players. Companies with a
The technology is now much more sophisticated than when it was first introduced. There is a vast array of features which can be added to the customer’s web browser. Artificial intelligence (AI) is widely incorporated. A cloud service can include automatic speech recognition (ASR) for converting a person’s speech to text, and natural language interpretation (NLI) to allow the computer to understand sentences in human speech and text as opposed to commands given in a formalised computer language. The computer can then communicate back to the person in human language. This form of AI is known as a conversational interface, and has given rise to conversational robots, or “chatbots”.
- Understand who in the organisation typically initiates the move to the cloud and enlist the support of the executive management and board.
- Key decision makers must be clear about the desired benefits of a cloud strategy and considerations must be given to the type of cloud deployment used – public, private or a hybrid of both.
- It’s important to select the right cloud service provider (CSP) for the organisation. The service model has to be decided upon. Software-as-a-Service (SaaS), Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS), or Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS).
- Understanding and setting the culture in the cloud has to be a priority.
- Risk and compliance issues have to be considered. Security in the cloud is generally strong.