BAG: No personnel talk with sick employee
No written warning for sick employee
With a court decision as of November 2nd, 2016 (10 AZR 596/15) the Federal Labour Court has ruled, that a sick employee only has to appear for a personal talk in exceptional cases. The employer has to argue and prove such specific reasons.
Facts of the case
The employee – a medical assistant – was absent of work for several weeks due to an attested inability to work. The employer requested the employee to attend a personnel talk regarding his return during this time of sickness. The employee did not follow this request. The employer thereupon asked the employee for a medical certificate, especially stating his inability to take part in a personnel talk. The employee did not follow this request either, whereupon the employer gave him a written warning. The employee objected to this written warning successfully before the Federal Labor Court.
Judgement of the Federal Labor Court
According to the press release of the Federal Labor Court the employer can only request an employee to attend a personnel talk on the grounds of his authority to give directives as stated in sec. 106 Code of Trade and Commerce (GewO), if this authority is used in a “fair” way. This only applies in exceptional cases and was not the case here. According to the Federal Labour Court the employee’s obligation to work as primary obligation ceases due to his inability to work. In this case his primary as well as his secondary obligations, including his obligation to take part in a personnel talk, cease.
Therefore an employee is not obligated to attend a personnel talk during his inability to work. According to the Court there might only be an exception, if the attendance of the employee is indispensable due to operational reasons and if the sickness of the employee allows him to take part. Those indispensable operational reasons have to be stated and proven by the employer. Something the employer in this case did not succeed in.
Therefore there is no general obligation for a sick employee to attend a personnel talk regarding his sickness in the employer´s office. Such request is not covered by the employer´s authority to give directives. However, the employer may consider calling the employee as contacting the employee is not in principle prohibited.
The press release of the Court contains no information regarding the company integration management (BEM). According to the rules of the Code of Social Law IX (SGB IX) the employer is obligated to organize a BEM in the case of an ongoing sickness in order to discuss possibilities of support and continuing the employment. An orderly conducted BEM is decisive for a dismissal due to sickness of an employee. Regarding the obligation to participate in a BEM-meeting it has to be differentiated between the employee’s sickness and his ability to attend an interview. If the employee is able to but nonetheless does not attend the interview, the employer might not be able to give a warning but the BEM might be considered to be concluded in an orderly manner which might have an impact on the prospects of success of an action for protection against dismissal.