This global health care outlook reviews the state of the sector, explores key issues shaping 2020, and poses questions and actions leaders should consider as they lay a foundation for the future.
Growing health care costs. Changing patient demographics. Evolving consumer expectations. Complex health and technology ecosystems.
The challenges before the global health care sector are plenty. But so are the opportunities. As health care sector stakeholders prepare their road map for the future, it is important for them to have a panoramic view of what’s working and what’s not, what’s redundant and what’s hot in their circles.
Learn more about the 2020 global health care outlook
Download the summary or full report
View the infographic
Subscribe to receive related content from Deloitte Insights
Download the Deloitte Insights and Dow Jones app
The 2020 global health care outlook takes a detailed look at the factors driving change in the health care sector and presents decision-makers with a holistic, action-oriented approach to address issues in four key areas:
Financial operations and performance improvement. Many of the world’s health systems are struggling financially due to an increasing number of people with chronic illnesses; expensive infrastructure and medical technology; rising labor costs and staff shortages; and other factors.
To address this challenge, some health care stakeholders are implementing payment reforms, such as introducing value-based payment models that help providers, payers, and patients achieve the best outcomes at the lowest cost. Technology-enabled patient engagement strategies are also helping people interact with their health care ecosystem and take care of themselves at lower costs. Many countries have adopted universal health coverageto provide basic health care services to people.Governments are focusing on preventative health and improved cost-efficiency through programs such as pricing controls on pharmaceuticals and medical technology devices. Population health management (PHM) is being used to identify people’s health care needs and offer services accordingly.
In addition to adopting these approaches, health care stakeholders are also incorporating automated systems, building new revenue streams, and demonstrating readiness to work with new partners such as digital-first health solution disruptors.
Care model innovation. No longer passive participants in their health care, consumers are demanding transparency, convenience, access, and personalized products and services—similar to other aspects of their lives. It is, therefore, important for health systems to morph their strategies accordingly.
Some health systems are doing this by transitioning certain inpatient procedures from inside hospital walls to less acute outpatient settings such as ambulatory care centers, retail clinics, community health centers, and even people’s homes. Some others are using virtual health—connecting clinicians with patients (and with other clinicians and stakeholders) through telecommunication and networked technologies—to remotely deliver health care services and support well-being.
For better consumer-centric services, health systems can also look at removing operational barriers, linking digital offerings to a strategically segmented customer experience, and investing in core analytics to create a 360-degree view of the consumer.
Digital transformation and interoperability. Organizations that continue to look at digital transformation as a mere buzzword run the risk of being reduced to “also-rans” in the race. It’s here to stay and slated to lay the foundation for new care delivery models; shape a predictive, preventive, and personalized future; promote closer collaboration among sector stakeholders; and drive cheaper, more precise, and less invasive treatments and therapies.
Technologies such as cloud computing, 5G technology, artificial intelligence (AI), natural language processing (NLP), and the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) can help deliver health care services in ways that consumers prefer to receive them. Of particular interest is the use of Data as a Platform (DaaP) to extract insights from patient data, which can support a number of opportunity areas.
Apart from the challenges posed by antiquated legacy platforms, the cost and complexity of new technologies, and constantly evolving business needs and scenarios, health systems have the issue of cybersecurity to grapple with. As virtual health care increases in capability and popularity, organizations will likely need to continue investing in security tools and services to identify risks and keep them at bay.
Future of work. Technologies and business models change. So do people and their job priorities. Health systems need to consider new methods to source, hire, train, and retain skilled workers to achieve their overall objective.
Some health care organizations are using improved working conditions, alternative employment models (e.g., virtual, gig/contract), and innovative technologies to anchor cost-effective, next-generation talent models. Many countries are trying to offset workforce shortages by providing incentives to attract foreign talent or to encourage health care professionals to work in remote regions.
Health care organizations can also look at making smart investments in workforce and technology, especially in areas such as virtual health, consumer engagement, interoperability and analytics, and talent; recruiting from other sectors to bring new ideas and outside-the-box thinking to their organizations; and training employees in trending technologies such as AI-enabled robotic process automation (RPA) and cognitive intelligence.
Health systems need to work toward a future in which the collective focus shifts away from a system of sick care—treating patients after they fall ill—to one of health, which supports physical and mental well-being, prevention, and early intervention. Looking at factors unrelated to the medical system and nudging people to proactively manage their health and well-being through initiatives such as smart health communities (SHCs) is just one way to go about it, although there are challenges there as well.
It is, therefore, important for all stakeholders to understand, analyze, and respond to these trends and issues.
To learn more, read the 2020 global health care outlook.