The report reflects the following working definitions as a guide for analysis.
Age by generations: For this report, we have classified respondents by generation: silent generation (born 1922–1945), baby boomers (1946–64), Gen X (1965–80), millennials (1981–96), and Gen Z (1997–2012). Owing to the small survey sample of the silent generation (<1%), we haven’t included them in the analysis. This report includes findings for baby boomers, Gen X, millennials, and Gen Z only.
Caregiving: Professionals who cited they provide adult care or childcare are considered as caregivers. Thirty-eight percent of professionals in this study identified themselves as caregivers. Sixty-nine percent of caregivers were caregivers for children, 16% were caregivers for adults, and 15% provided caregiving for both children and adults.
Covering: Downplaying certain aspects of one’s identity to avoid stigma, judgment, or discrimination. There are four types of covering commonly seen at workplaces: appearance-based, affiliation-based, advocacy-based, and association-based.24
Diversity: The characteristics with which we are born and gain through experience, both seen and unseen, that make us different and similar.25
Equity: The outcome of diversity, inclusion, and anti-oppression actions wherein all people have fair access, opportunity, resources, and power to thrive, with consideration for and elimination of historical and systemic barriers and privileges that cause oppression.26
Gender: Fifty-nine percent of professionals in this study identified as women and 41% as men. Less than 1% identified themselves to be agender, gender nonconforming, nonbinary, or intersex. Hence, only the findings of male and female professionals are included in this report.
Inclusion: The actions taken to understand, embrace, and leverage the unique strengths and facets of identity for all individuals so that all feel welcomed, valued, and supported
Income levels: Income levels of respondents across regions are normalized using the purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rate. Income levels are divided into three groups: low-income (household income < US$49,999), medium-income (household income between US$50,000 to US$99,999), and high-income (household income > US$100,000).27
Microaggressions: Comments or actions that subtly and often unconsciously or unintentionally express a prejudiced attitude toward a member of a systematically disadvantaged group is called microaggression. Microaggressions need not be just against systematically disadvantaged groups but can happen to anyone in the workplace.
People with disabilities: This study includes PWD professionals with any physical (e.g., deafness, hearing impairment, etc.), mental/emotional (e.g., anxiety disorder, schizophrenia, etc.), cognitive (e.g., intellectual disability, traumatic brain injury), neurotypical (e.g., autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]), or any other disability or traits.28 Eighteen percent of respondents analyzed in this study were people with disabilities.
Work from anywhere: For this report, “work from anywhere” refers to work from any location other than the office. Work from anywhere includes remote work or hybrid work and is considered as established by an organization/employer. For instance, some organizations allow workers to work from home (base office location) or from another location (other than the base office location) but prohibit international telecommuting.