Canada at a new crossroads: 25 years later
We need new and courageous conversations

—about the choices we face, and the trade-offs we must make, to give the country the best odds of a prosperous future from today forward.

This discussion paper is intended to spark just such conversations in the lead up to our country’s 150th birthday.

Underpinning our use of scenarios is the central belief that we cannot, nor should we try, to predict the future. Instead, as a country, we need to consider, be prepared for, adapt, and make choices in the context of different possible futures.

Vexing questions

Throughout the paper, we argue that if Canada is to truly lead in an uncertain world, Canadian executives, government leaders, and citizens must engage in constructive, courageous conversations about the future direction of our country. Our commitment is to ask those tough questions that will help to define our way forward:

Sustainable and inclusive growth

How will we harness advanced technologies and automation to create tomorrow’s jobs, securing ongoing wealth for our country that includes people from every economic level?

Supporting competitive advantage

Is Canada prepared to take deliberate and extraordinary action to support areas of true competitive advantage in our country? And if so, on what basis?

Country size, growth, and immigration

As labour grows less relevant in driving prosperity, what is the optimum size and composition of Canada’s labour force, and what is the best combination of skills to support long-term growth?


What must we do better to support sustained innovation in Canadian businesses, governments, and society?

Responsible, responsive and courageous leadership

What will it mean to be a responsible, responsive, and courageous business leader in the future in Canada?

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At Deloitte, we believe Canada can continue to be the undisputed best place in the world to live and work over the next 25 years. Canada at 175 is our multi-year research initiative to study the issues at the heart of Canada’s future success and provide a perspective on our path to prosperity.

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