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Renewable energy procurement services

Supporting you on your renewable energy journey

Renewable energy procurement is increasingly becoming an essential part of an organization’s energy strategy. When it comes to a renewable energy strategy, we can help you assess the options, financial considerations, time to implement, complexity, risk, environmental benefits, and ability to support your business goals.

Why renewable energy procurement now?

Corporations across all industries are facing pressure from stakeholders, suppliers, competitors, employees, and customers to become more sustainable. As a result, many companies are setting science-based targets and goals. Procuring renewable energy is often a key aspect of meeting these corporate goals.

Renewable energy procurement strategy options:

  • Purchasing Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs)
  • Procuring green tariffs
  • On-site or near-site renewable generation – "behind-the-meter" power purchase agreement, lease or investment
  • Off-site generation through a physical power purchase agreement or a virtual power purchase agreement (VPPA)
Learn more about our renewable energy procurement services

VPPA: The energy procurement service of choice

Many corporations today procure renewable energy through a VPPA due to these key outcomes:

  • Meet sustainability goals and increase transparency in sustainability reporting
  • Fund renewable energy projects
  • Receive financial value – potential positive projected settlement value (PSV)
  • Maintain flexible operational status
  • Brand benefits by supporting renewable development

What is a VPPA?

A VPPA is purely a financial transaction between a renewable energy developer and a corporate, where the corporate guarantees that the developer will receive a fixed price for their energy; in exchange, the corporate receives RECs for every megawatt hour (MWh) of clean energy generated and sold by the developer.


Step 1: Corporate signs a VPPA with a project developer for a fixed price per MWh with the goal of obtaining the generated RECs. This allows the project developer to secure financing. 

Step 2: Developer sells the generated electricity into the wholesale market on corporate’s behalf at the current market price. RECs generated by the project will be given to corporate.

Step 3: Developer will send/receive settlement to/from corporate on a monthly basis.

Step 4: Corporate continues to purchase electricity from their current utility as normal and uses RECs to neutralize Scope 2 emissions. Corporate avoids the cost of purchasing RECs from a third-party source.

Key procurement process considerations

  • The process takes time and deal team education and alignment should not be rushed. The process will go more smoothly, and issues will be easier to overcome, if the deal team members understand and agree on the strategic goals. 
  • A VPPA should be considered as a part of your renewable energy strategy to ensure it aligns with broader sustainability priorities. 
  • Engaging your accounting and tax departments early on and throughout the process is important in determining how the VPPA will be accounted for and treated for tax purposes. 

How we can help

With hundreds of developers and thousands of VPPA offers in the marketplace, navigating those options can be a daunting task, and it's important to have an advisor working side by side with you to navigate this journey.

That's where Deloitte comes in. We leverage our subject matter knowledge across renewable energy, ESG, financial analysis, accounting, and tax to help companies through the renewable energy procurement process. We use the platform of our alliance partner, LevelTen Energy, to run the RFP process and provide the analytics required to assess the bids and secure a VPPA that meets your requirements. 

Get in touch

Marlene Motyka

Marlene Motyka

US Renewable Energy Leader

Marlene is Deloitte’s US Renewable Energy leader and a principal in Deloitte Transactions and Business Analytics LLP. She consults on matters related to valuation, tax, M&A, financing, business strate... More

Brad Poole

Brad Poole

Audit & Assurance Partner | Deloitte & Touche LLP

A specialist in the energy industry, Brad has more than 25 years of experience in regulated utility operations, renewable energy, gas trading and marketing, pipeline transportation, and refining and m... More

Dave Yankee

Dave Yankee

Managing Director | Deloitte Tax LLP

Dave regularly advises clients in the areas of planning, evaluating, and supporting federal income tax reporting positions. He also leads Deloitte’s US Power, Utilities & Renewables Tax practice. His ... More

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