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Texas Comptroller proposes new treatment to economic nexus threshold to incorporate Wayfair

Multistate Tax alert | October 3, 2019

This tax alert summarizes the Proposed Amendments, effective dates, as well as offers some taxpayer considerations.


On September 27, 2019, the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts (Comptroller) published proposed amendments (Proposed Amendments) with the Office of the Texas Secretary of State to incorporate an economic nexus threshold of $500,000 Texas gross receipts for Texas franchise tax purposes.1 The Proposed Amendments to title 34 of the Texas Administrative Code (TAC) § 3.586 were filed in response to the United States Supreme Court decision in South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc.2 (Wayfair).3 The publishing of the Proposed Amendments triggers a 30-day public comment period.4

Modifications to Texas’ franchise tax rules to incorporate Wayfair decision

In response to the Wayfair decision, the Comptroller has proposed to amend TAC § 3.586 by adding an economic nexus factor-based standard with the Proposed Amendments stating:

  • Economic nexus. For each federal income tax accounting periods ending in 2019 or later, a foreign taxable entity has nexus in Texas and is subject to Texas franchise tax, even if it has no physical presence in Texas, if during its federal income tax accounting period, it had gross receipts from business done in Texas of $500,000 or more, as determined under § 3.591 of this title (relating to Margin: Apportionment).
  • Beginning date. A foreign taxable entity begins doing business in the state on the earliest of:
  1. The date the entity has physical nexus as described in subsection (c) of this section,
  2. The date the entity obtains a Texas use tax permit, or
  3. The first day of the federal income tax accounting period in which the entity had gross receipts from business done in Texas in excess of $500,000.5

Further, new subsection (e) of the Proposed Amendments provides that out-of-state entities with a use tax permit are subject to the Texas franchise tax.6

If the Proposed Amendments are adopted as a final regulation, the provisions will apply to Texas franchise tax reports due on or after January 1, 2020.7

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Taxpayers should consider the potential impact of sourcing receipts from transactions, which may under the Texas apportionment regulations be considered Texas sourced, but do not create a physical presence. Taxpayers currently holding a Texas use permit or with Texas annual gross receipts in excess of $500,000 are advised to consult with their tax advisers to determine Texas franchise tax implications.

The Proposed Amendments can be adopted as early as October 27, 2019.8 The Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, Tax Policy Division is now accepting comments on the Proposed Amendments until October 27, 2019, which may be submitted to Teresa G. Bostick, director, Tax Policy Division, P.O. Box 13528, Austin, TX 78711-3528.

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1 Franchise Tax Margin: Nexus, 44 Tex. Reg. 5605, 5605 (proposed Sept. 27, 2019) (to be codified at 34 Tex. Admin. Code § 3.586) (Tex. Comptroller of Pub. Accounts). A copy of the Texas Register issue is available here.

2 138 S. Ct. 2080 (2018).

3 Franchise Tax Margin: Nexus, 44 Tex. Reg. 5605, 5605 (proposed Sept. 27, 2019) (to be codified at 34 Tex. Admin. Code § 3.586) (Tex. Comptroller of Pub. Accounts).

4 Id. at 5606.

5 Id. at 5607.

6 Id.

7 Id. at 5605.

8 Id. at 5605, 5607.

Multistate Tax alert archive

The Multistate Tax alert archive includes external tax alerts issued by Deloitte Tax LLP's Multistate Tax practice during the last five years. These external alerts highlight selected developments involving state tax legislative, judicial, and administrative matters. The alerts provide a brief summary of specific multistate developments relevant to taxpayers, tax professionals, and other interested persons.

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If you have questions regarding the changes in the Proposed Amendments or other Texas tax matters, please contact any of the following Deloitte professionals:

Robert Topp, managing director—Multistate, Deloitte Tax LLP, Houston, +1 713 982 3185

Jacob Aguero, partner—Multistate, Deloitte Tax LLP, Houston, +1 713 982 4246

Lauren Rothman, senior manager—Multistate, Deloitte Tax LLP, Houston, +1 713 982 2462

Scott Bedunah, senior manager—Multistate, Deloitte Tax LLP, Dallas, +1 214 840 1722

Grace Taylor, senior manager—Multistate, Deloitte Tax LLP, Houston, +1 713 982 3809

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