What’s keeping CFOs awake in 2016?

CFO Insights

In this edition of CFO Insights, we share 10 concerns that illustrate the breadth of CFOs’ current challenges.

If it’s true, as F. Scott Fitzgerald once said, that, “The test of a first-rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposed ideas in mind at the same time and still retain the ability to function,” then CFOs are being tested as never before. On the one hand, they are devoting serious attention to matters of growth, both in terms of corporate performance and their own role in their companies. On the other, they are being forced to think more tactically and defensively, as global volatility and a long list of mixed signals confront them with plenty of uncertainty. In this edition of CFO Insights, we share 10 current concerns that illustrate the breadth of their challenges, gleaned from Deloitte’s1 regional CFO Forums, our 1,000+ CFO Transition Lab™ sessions globally, and our quarterly CFO Signals™ survey2. One takeaway: while the current situation is demanding, it presents CFOs with an ideal opportunity to apply their broad perspective and specialized financial knowledge to help propel their organizations forward.

The US election

Every Presidential election year seems to usher in a certain level of uncertainty as to which party will emerge with how much influence—and how that will translate into policy decisions—and this one is no different. In fact, in the Q2 2016 CFO Signals survey, election worries skyrocketed among North America’s CFOs, with many citing growing uncertainty surrounding international trade, government spending, and tax policies.3 They have every right to be concerned. Those policies, as well as foreign policy, are just some of the major issues that may be impacted, one way or another, by what happens in November. Moreover, regardless of the outcome, it seems increasingly important for CFOs to have a stronger collective voice in how policies are crafted and implemented. After all, CFOs’ real-world experiences and observations can be a useful tool in the efforts to shape policy decisions.

Global economic uncertainty

If the impending election and its impact on policies and regulations are major sources of uncertainty, they are far from the only ones. Widening the lens, it’s clear that a long list of global worries, from commodity prices (particularly oil) to the UK’s Brexit vote to the Chinese economy are keeping CFOs up at night—and their concern remains tempered going forward. The Q2 2016 CFO Signals survey, in fact, found that 39 percent of North America’s CFOs are mostly optimistic about their own region’s prospects a year from now, but that is down from 47 percent in the Q4 2015 survey. Only 15 percent feel similarly confident regarding the European economy—and that was before the Brexit vote.4  Meanwhile, only 10 percent feel positive about China’s economy in a year, a figure just down from 11 percent the previous quarter.5  Couple that with their increasing concern that capital markets are overvalued, and it is not surprising that many CFOs likely feel they are driving with one foot on the accelerator and another on the brake. While finance chiefs are optimistic that their companies can deal with a number of challenging situations, they also worry that if enough negative conditions materialize, things could get tough in a hurry. 

Capital allocation

Amid this uncertainty, it’s important that CFOs consider making the capital allocation process a priority, ensuring that it is clearly established and well communicated, both within the company and to The Street. This is particularly important given the current healthy state of many corporate balance sheets and the need to decide how much cash to dedicate to growth versus uses such as buybacks, dividends, and paying down debt. Many companies don’t routinely change annual budget allocations across different initiatives, but they should consider doing so, because opportunities will likely change over time.6  Having a clear, bottoms-up and top-down capital allocation process that can efficiently value and seize opportunities is critical. Moreover, when a company’s capital allocation process and equity story are robust, they provide a strong response to activist investors.



Executing on growth plans

Despite concerns that the global economy is not nearly as robust as they’d like it to be, many CFOs are nonetheless pushing forward on growth plans. That focus entails its own set of concerns, however, including the ability to identify acquisition targets and, conversely, divest themselves of certain assets. When finance executives are asked to identify the “dominant constraints” to growth, they are often likely in our CFO Transition Lab sessions to identify internal rather than external factors.7 So they are looking at ways to improve siloed behaviors and cultural issues, and also to address operational efficiency and the capital allocation process. Still, their collective attitude remains less defensive and more forward-looking, albeit with a focus on current offerings and markets rather than new. In addition, they are clearly biased toward organic growth (63 percent) over inorganic (19 percent), according to the Q2 2016 CFO Signals survey.8

Elevating their roles

In many ways, CFOs’ strategies for executing on growth represent their desire to control the things they can amid all the uncertainties they can’t. At a higher level, many CFOs are thinking not only about the strategic opportunities their companies can seize, but also about those that they can leverage in order to elevate their profiles. CFOs play many roles in their organizations—as responders, challengers, architects, and transformers (see “The strategist CFO: Four orientations for engaging in the strategy process”).9  And while there is no one single approach to being an effective strategist CFO, these orientations can help CFOs, CEOs, board members, and business-unit leaders better establish mutual expectations on how the CFO will engage in the strategy process and address key strategy questions within the company. Developing a clear communications strategy that informs the company about the finance department’s achievements and the CFO’s forward vision can help.10

Improve the talent pipeline

To execute that vision, CFOs know they need to build strong finance departments underneath them, both to demonstrate the total contribution that finance can make to the company, and to free them up to devote more time to strategic concerns.  It’s not easy: many CFOs say they are having a hard time finding or developing the kinds of employees who can help shift the finance department away from a collection of technical specialists and toward a team of businesspeople who can work with business-unit leaders to add value to decision-making. But having the right people in the right seats is fundamental to executing a CFO’s vision, and finance chiefs tell us that it is one of their top priorities in 2016.11  Some of their tactics include better performance management processes, an increased focus on talent development and continuous learning, and clear succession planning.12  In addition, to attract critical talent (think tax director or cyber-security specialist), they know that compensation models may need to be adjusted as well.

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Harness technology—and its potential

New technologies—everything from blockchain to mobility to robotics—have the potential to disrupt finance in areas such as payments and messaging. They also have the potential to enhance the role of the CFO in everything from data management to decision-making. Case in point: unlocking the full potential of analytics. Finance is ideally positioned to not only capture and manage all the data that can drive better decisions, but also to demonstrate its true value to the business by providing relevant context around it. Financial planning and analysis has long been a core finance function, but, approached more strategically, it can open the door to the kinds of conversations that enable CFOs and their teams to contribute to growth.

Batten down the cyber hatches

Risk is inevitably a part of every CFO’s portfolio, and, these days, cyber risk is one form that has moved from a technology concern to a finance concern for several reasons. For one, the obvious impacts of a cyberattack on things such as compliance requirements, legal fees, and public relations are actually dwarfed by the often hidden impacts, such as the loss of intellectual property, increased costs of raising debt, and higher insurance premiums (see “Seven hidden costs of a cyberattack”).13 So putting the right risk measures in place around cyber security is increasingly becoming a matter of deciding how much to invest in which forms of risk mitigation, and CFOs should be part of those discussions. In fact, understanding the impacts of a cyberattack requires a multidisciplinary approach that integrates deep knowledge of cyber incidents with business context, valuation techniques, and financial quantification. Armed with that knowledge, leaders can transform the way they manage cyber risk and help improve their organization's ability to recover when an attack occurs.

Activist investors

Not all attacks are technological in nature, of course. Today, activist investors have become legion: in fact, in the Q1 2015 CFO Signals survey, nearly 75 percent of respondents said they had received an activist letter.14 To mitigate this worry, CFOs need to be prepared to communicate a solid story regarding their capital allocation strategy, in order to demonstrate that it has been optimized to seize the best opportunities (see “Activist shareholders: How will you respond?”).15 Increasing activism also underscores the need to make sure that strategic planning is closely aligned with financial planning, so that the story that CFOs respond with is robust and complete. Two questions likely to be asked by activists: (1) If there is cash on the balance sheet, what do you propose to do with it?, and (2) Given that growth in many parts of the world is slowing, what is the company doing to ensure that it wins a disproportionately higher share in the markets in which it competes?

Patience, grasshopper

With so much in flux, and with many issues remaining murky until after the November election in the US, a good night’s sleep may seem hard to come by. But rather than count sheep, a CFO would do well to count the many ways that he or she is working to control what can be controlled, improve what can be improved, and continue to elevate the role of finance. There is enormous opportunity embedded within each of the concerns described above, so think of it less as a worry list and more as a to-do list.

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  1. As used in this document, "Deloitte" means Deloitte LLP and its subsidiaries. Please see for a detailed description of the legal structure of Deloitte LLP and its subsidiaries. Certain services may not be available to attest clients under the rules and regulations of public accounting.
  2. Material for this edition of CFO Insights was taken from a Deloitte Dbriefs webcast entitled “What financial, economic, and political issues are keeping CFOs up at night?” July 2016.
  3. CFO Signals survey, US CFO Program, “What external and internal risk worries you most?” Q2 2016, Deloitte LLP.
  4. CFO Signals survey, US CFO Program, “How do you regard the current and future status of the North American, Chinese, and European economies?” Q2 2016, Deloitte LLP.
  5. CFO Signals survey, US CFO Program, “How do you regard the current and future status of the North American, Chinese, and European economies?” Q2 2016, Deloitte LLP.
  6. CFO Transition Lab, Facilitator observations, US CFO Program.
  7. CFO Transition Lab, Facilitator observations, US CFO Program.
  8. CFO Signals survey, US CFO Program, “What is your company’s business focus for the next year?” Q2 2016, Deloitte LLP.
  9. CFO Insights, US CFO Program, “The strategist CFO: Four orientations for engaging in the strategy process,” November 2015, Deloitte LLP.
  10. CFO Insights, US CFO Program, “Creating an effective communications program,” November 2015, Deloitte LLP.
  11. CFO Signals survey, US CFO Program, “As CFO, what is the most important thing you will have accomplished for your finance function by the end of 2016?” Q1 2016, Deloitte LLP.
  12. CFO Signals survey, US CFO Program, ““As CFO, what is the most important thing you will have accomplished for your finance function by the end of 2016?” Q1 2016, Deloitte LLP.
  13. CFO Insights, US CFO Program, “Seven hidden costs of a cyberattack,” July 2016, Deloitte LLP.
  14. CFO Signals survey, US CFO Program, “Which forms of shareholder activism has your company experienced?” 1Q2015, Deloitte LLP.
  15. CFO Insights, US CFO Program, “Activist shareholders: How will you respond?” February 2015, Deloitte LLP.

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The CFO Program brings together a multidisciplinary team of Deloitte leaders and subject matter specialists to help CFOs stay ahead in the face of growing challenges and demands. The Program harnesses our organization’s broad capabilities to deliver forward thinking and fresh insights for every stage of a CFO’s career—helping CFOs manage the complexities of their roles, tackle their company’s most compelling challenges, and adapt to strategic shifts in the market.

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