Impairments and disposals has been saved
Impairments and disposals
On the Radar: Accounting and reporting for long-lived assets and discontinued operations
Under ASC 360-10, the accounting and reporting for long-lived assets differ depending on what the entity intends to do with them. This edition of On the Radar maps out the decision process and highlights key considerations for impairments and disposals of long-lived assets and discontinued operations.
The convergence of various macroeconomic and geopolitical factors has created a volatile and uncertain environment in which a business’s ability to forecast results and make decisions can be difficult. Factors that have contributed to such challenges include bank failures or downgrades; businesses’ struggles to raise capital; companies’ announcements of layoffs, broader restructuring plans, impairments, and changes in customer behavior. As a result, the determinations business leaders may need to make regarding fixed asset impairments and disposals could be complex.
In evaluating whether they need to assess long-lived assets for impairment, financial statement preparers should consider the current and potential effects of factors such as interest rate increases, inflation, climate risk, and changes in the labor market. Further, how these factors may affect cash flow and fair value estimates used in impairment analysis should be considered. As businesses evolve in response to these conditions, preparers may also need to make determinations related to (1) assets held for sale and (2) reporting discontinued operations. Even as entities evolve in times of relative stability, they must consider the reporting for impairments and disposals.
Long-lived assets within the scope of ASC 360-10 are accounted for and tested for impairment differently depending on the entity’s intent regarding the assets. Long-lived assets that the entity intends to hold and use in its operations, including long-lived assets that the entity intends to abandon, distribute to owners, or exchange in a nonmonetary transaction accounted for at carrying amount, are tested for impairment when a triggering event occurs by performing a two-step recoverability test. In the two-step recoverability test, the carrying amount of an asset group is first compared with its undiscounted cash flows to determine whether an asset is recoverable. If the held-and-used asset group is determined not to be recoverable, the asset group is written down to fair value. By contrast, long-lived assets that the entity intends to sell are tested for impairment upon classification as held for sale and in each subsequent reporting period by comparing their carrying amount with their fair value less costs to sell.
Long-lived assets classifications
Considerations for SEC registrants
For disposals reported as discontinued operations, SEC registrants must consider the impact of the retrospective change on the historical financial statements included in their Exchange Act reports (e.g., Forms 10-K and 10-Q) and in registration statements under the Securities Act (e.g., registration statements on Form S-3) and other nonpublic offerings. Registrants may also be required to report a disposition, including certain disposals that do not qualify as discontinued operations, on a Form 8-K and provide pro forma financial information that gives effect to the disposition. Further, registrants must consider the impact the revised financial statements may have on other SEC requirements (e.g., SEC Regulation S-X, Rules 3-05, 3-09, 4-08(g), and 3-10).
Continue your learning on impairments and disposals of long-lived assets and discontinued operations
Deloitte’s Roadmap Impairments and Disposals of Long-Lived Assets and Discontinued Operations provides Deloitte’s insights into the guidance in ASC 360-10 and ASC 205-20 on impairments and disposals of long-lived assets and presentation of discontinued operations.