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Perspectives

A roadmap to the preparation of the statement of cash flows (2019)

This Roadmap provides Deloitte’s insights into and interpretations of the accounting guidance on the statement of cash flows, primarily that in ASC 230.

The accounting principles related to the statement of cash flows have been in place for many years; however, errors in the statement of cash flows continue to be one of the leading causes of restatements and registrants continue to receive comments from the SEC staff on cash flow presentation matters.

While ASC 230 provides some guidance on cash payments and receipts that are classified as either operating, investing, or financing activities, it does not provide consistent principles for evaluating the classification of cash payments and receipts in the statement of cash flows, which has led to diversity in practice.

To address these concerns, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15 and ASU 2016-18, which clarify guidance in ASC 230 on the classification of certain cash flows2 and apply to all public business entities and many private entities. The 2019 edition of this Roadmap reflects the amendments to ASC 230 made by these ASUs and includes some of Deloitte’s interpretive views on them.

The 2019 edition also incorporates interpretations and guidance related to the new leasing standard, ASU 2016-02 (codified in ASC 842; see Section 7.6). ASU 2016-02 amended the leasing guidance in U.S. GAAP — notably by requiring lessees to recognize liabilities for lease payments and right-of-use assets — and became effective for calendar-year-end public business entities on January 1, 2019.

We hope that you find this publication a valuable resource when considering the accounting guidance on the statement of cash flows.

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The Roadmap Series contains periodic collections of our accounting guidance on selected topics of broad interest to the financial reporting community.

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