On the board's agenda
Top of mind topics for board members
The Center for Board Effectiveness is pleased to present On the board’s agenda, a bi-monthly publication focused on topics that are top of mind for board members.
The role of the board in an age of exponential change
In a time of exponential change, both risk and opportunity abound. To survive and thrive, companies need to recognize the opportunities at hand and take deliberate action. Board members have a unique role to play in guiding transformation, challenging the basic assumptions of an organization, and helping foster a positive culture of exploration and experimentation to keep the business evolving as its environment changes.
Assessing risk in incentive compensation plans
While incentives can be powerful tools to properly align employees with the achievement of the company’s objectives, boards of directors should consider whether there is a process in place to identify and mitigate the potential risks of incentive programs. Risk assessments need to be conducted annually, comprehensively, and holistically.
Current trends in audit committee reporting
For the past several years, various governance groups and investors have encouraged audit committees to disclose more information on how they execute their duties. Deloitte’s latest proxy statement study confirms that voluntary disclosure is increasing at a slow and steady pace. While it is not necessary, or possible, to disclose everything an audit committee does each year in fulfilling its duties, providing additional insight into the structure and key activities of the audit committee can help increase investor confidence in both the audit committee and the company as a whole.
The chief legal officer and the board: Dealing with challenges in a challenging role
Being a CLO can pose challenges, particularly those that arise from the complex relationships among the CLO, the board of directors, and the CEO and other members of the management team. Many of the challenges associated with being a CLO stem from the fact that the CLO has two roles that can conflict with each other—an attorney and a member of management.
Preparing for the new CEO pay ratio disclosure requirement
In 2015, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) issued a final rule requiring disclosure of the ratio of chief executive officer (CEO) pay to that of the median employee under Section 953(b) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. The disclosure is required for the first fiscal year beginning on or after January 1, 2017, and as such, calendar-year companies will have to provide the ratio beginning with their 2018 annual proxy statement, based on 2017 compensation data. Despite this timeline, it is advisable that management consider providing the Compensation Committee with a preliminary assessment early in 2017, allowing the Committee sufficient time to understand the ratio and the underlying calculation, giving management time to develop its communication strategy (both internal and external).
Framing strategic risk in the boardroom
Accelerated economic cycles. Exponential technological advances. Increased competition. Changing customer demographics and preferences. Increased shareholder activism. New industry and regulatory requirements. Geopolitical uncertainty. The world is rapidly changing at an accelerating pace and these factors, along with many more, pose challenges to effective strategic risk thinking.
The results are in—A review of the 2016 proxy season
Examine the trends that have emerged from shareholder meetings held in the first half of 2016. While some companies hold their annual meetings during the second half of the year, it is likely that the trends identified from the first half of the year represent what we can expect in the future.
M&A: The intersection of due diligence and governance
Merger and acquisition (M&A) activity can be an important component—even a critical one—for a company’s growth strategy. A successful acquisition can help a company make a quantum leap in terms of market presence, filling in gaps in a company's product or service portfolio, and improving profitability and other performance metrics. On the other hand, transactions that don’t ultimately perform as expected, including not providing positive returns or resulting in large negative surprises, can cause serious damage to companies and their boards of directors, ranging from litigation to the ouster of managements and even board members.
Board effectiveness: A focus on behavior
Shareholders will be voting in many director elections during the 2016 proxy season, doubtlessly including some proxy contests as well as "routine" elections in which the only candidates are those nominated by the companies. Regardless of the nature of these 2016 elections, companies, investors, and regulators collectively recognize the importance of having an effective board of directors, and ever-greater emphasis is being placed on board structure, board composition, and board refreshment by all three groups. Board composition is one of the most critical areas of focus for the board, and if done properly, may be a strategic differentiator. Having the right mix of people who bring diverse perspectives, business and professional experiences, and skills, can provide a foundation for robust dialogue, informed advice, and input in the boardroom.
Board composition: Greater than the sum of its parts
Boards of directors have been around for a long time. So have annual meetings, when shareholders are asked to elect directors, and proxy statements, where information about the candidates’ backgrounds and qualifications is provided. Thus, it might be somewhat surprising that board composition has become a very hot topic with investors, regulators, and others in the governance community—as well as in boardrooms.
On the other hand, ongoing regulatory changes, pressure from shareholders and investors, and business model threats are pressuring many companies to examine their board composition. And board composition is extremely important, arguably one of the most critical component of a corporation’s governance, so it is only fitting that this is a topic on the board agenda.
Board composition is made up of many parts. Skills and qualifications, independence, diversity, tenure, and refreshment will be outlined as topics for the 2016 board agenda.